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Basic concepts in Bioenergy



As a consequence of gro-political instability during the 1970, the oil prices suffered a drastic increase in price resulting in a global energy crisis that developed along the following years. As a results, many countries established new energy policies oriented towards the diversification of energy sources. Among those, the use of biomass for energy became a target, especially in Finland and Sweden, countries with large forest resources, giving birth to modern bioenergy in the area. Nowadays, both countries are leaders in bioenergy development and implementation. The session reviews the technolgies and main management aspects of biomass production for energy, focusing on wood from forests and plantations.


  • Video:

Energy from the forest- Benefits for the local economy [Youtube]

Assignment related: From the video, identify the main sources of biomass for energy currently used in Finland.

  • Lecture Slides [PDF] (previous years [PDF])

Background Materials

For those not familiarized with the main concepts related to biomass production for energy, feel free to use these materials to expand your background:

Röser, D., Asikainen, A., Raulund-Rasmussen, K. and Stupak, I. eds. (2008) Sustainable use of forest biomass for energy a synthesis with focus on the Baltic and Nordic regionVol. 12. Springer Science & Business Media [e-brary link]

Richardson, J., Björheden, R., Hakkila, P., Lowe, A. T., & Smith, C. T. (Eds.). (2006). Bioenergy from sustainable forestry: guiding principles and practice (Vol. 71). Springer Science & Business Media. [e-library link]

Schubert R et al (2010) Future bioenergy and sustainable land use, 365 pp. Earthscale [e-brary link]

Energy from the forest- Benefits for the local economy [Youtube]

Machines in biomass procurement operations [YouTube] ForestEnergy Portal

Harvesting of fast growing plantations [Youtube] at Salixodlarna


This introductory session focuses on:

  • To get familiar with the course information (structure, assignments, evaluation...)
  • To get familiar with the wiki course environment and the general possibilities of wiki pages
  • To reflect on your previous knowledge and experiences, as well as to share some information about your interests, experiences and course expectations
  • To get familiar with the main concepts on bioenergy production

The contents of the background session deal with:

  • Rationale and pre-conditions for modern bioenergy development.
  • Examples of modern use of wood for energy
  • Overview of biomass markets and origins


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