1. Title: conflict on palm plantation in Srilanka
2. background information
Palm is one of the highest yielding crops. Palm trees produced food, cosmetics, edible oil and biofuel. Palm Oil is a useful asset due to its versatility and economic impact. Recently, Sri Lanka Regional plantation companies (RPCs) made important progress towards diversification in invaluable cash crop, spearheaded. In 2014 take decision expand to oil palm cultivation considering the crop diversification programme in the lease agreement with the Regional Plantation Companies (RPC) subject to the allowable extent is 20,000 ha in the marginal, abandoned lands and economically not viable lands and only 20% of total land area of plantation can be converted to oil palm.
2.1. Generic information about the conflict
Coconut Research Institute (CRI) has plan to cultivate over 20,000 hectors of oil palm without proper investigation. So this plan will destroy rubber and coconut plantation. The Ministry of Plantation has unwisely approved certain plantations to uproot 6% of its rubber for oil palm cultivation. So public protest on establishing new palm plantation plant.
2.2 . Conflict type:
The conflict was between Coconut Research Institute (CRI) and local people.
2.3. Resources involved:
Land and palm oil crops, The resource involved was the 20,000 ha of land for palm plantation versus food crops plantation.
3. Evaluation of the conflict
Already 3000 hectares has planted in Srilanka. It was started in here 25 years ago in the Galle district. That was creating a number of negative environmental impacts, Because this kind of plantation were introduced in 2001. This experience people in the Galle district started to uproot new plants. Now it has expanded to the Kalutara district. Coconut research institute (CRI) hopes to increase the cultivated area to 20,000 hectares. According to Dr. Tilakaratne, Director Rubber Research Institute, CRI was prepared a report about the increasing the area of cultivation. But this report was based on observations and not an analytical experiment. Before starting this plantation need proper ecological and environmental evaluation.
Rubber not only natural rubber, its produce many useful products such as furniture, flooring etc. If the supply of rubber wood is going be stopped due to non availability. Rubber also used to main fuel wood in the villages and also on the fuel for tea dryers in tea (46%) factories. Main fuel used in bread, lime and brick klin too is rubber wood. However, even though oil palm tree produced very high volume of biomass neither the trunk of oil palm nor fronds or any other part of the tree can not be used for this purpose.
The final threat to both environments and to people who consume palm oil and its different products. The oil palm cultivation which provides many environmental social and economical implications. New qualities will be introduced to palm oil to adapt it to industry’s not consumers needs. Resulting genetically manipulated products could be serious effects on human health of the. The natural environments could be irreversible impact. But would be only one reason: profit making for industry and trade.This decision of the CRI and the Ministry of Plantations cannot be a wise one, as it threatens the sustainability of the country. Therfore the government, specifically the Ministry of Environment should educate them of such consequences before another disaster.
4. Keywords and identifiers
Palm oil, CRI, RPC, Plantation, Srilanka