DietS - The Original Form of Parish Social Work
Aim of the project DietS1
The latest discussion about diakonia has been stimulated by the results of language analysis made for example by John N. Collins (1990, 2014) and Anni Hentschel (2006/2013). Although we know about the lexical meanings of the diak-family, we haven't yet used much of this knowledge on the functions of the parish's life (Gooder 2006, Collins 2012b).2
The aim of this meta-project is to collect high-level scientific re-interpretations, organize them and stimulate re-interpretations of the ancient (2th to 7th c.) sources concerning diakonia. Doing this will trace and reveal correct interpretations and clear misinterpretations. This in turn helps to create possibilities for re-interpretations of diakonia, not the least in ecumenical discussions about the ministry of a deacon/deaconness. Therefore, in context of discussing diakonia this project is also analyzing the ministry and the functions of a deacon/deaconess and the ways in which the Christians helped each other during the first centuries. Therefore the name: Diakonia et parish Social work = DietS.
The main way to fulfill this aim is to distribute information (via internet pages, mails, meetings etc.) and in this way to help researcher and other projects to cooperate. This can also lead to new research projects about persons/topics which are not been analyzed yet. Some other ways may also emerge.
On this page I will collect information about topics, which uses the ancient sources in similar way or in ways which are aware of the ways which John N. Collins in his book shows. This page will not collect discussions about deacons and helping but concentrates on interpretations and analysis of interpretations of the ancient sources in their original language.
Leader of the project: Dr. Esko Ryökäs
1 The name "DietS": We need diets, because we need to know, what we are eating and have eaten (about Deacons and Social work). – Click Presentations to go to the visualizations of the aims below. Project started on March 15th 2013. About the other background of this project, click here.
Structure of the main project
- Janhonen etc.
- Diakonische Konturen. DWI 2003
- Reininger 1999
- Gooder 2006
- Collins 2009
- Koet 2009
- Ryökäs 2014a (about RGG-dictionaries)
2 Preconstantinian era
2.0 New testament
2.1 Apostolic Fathers
2.2 Early Fathers
- Justin Martyr
- Clement of Alexandria
- Eusebios of Caesarea
2.3 Church orders
- Apostolic Constitutions
2.4 Analyses of frequency
- Diaconia, diaconiae, diaconato (2010)
- Collins 2012a/b
- "Orthodoxia 51", 43–68, 2010. (about Apost. Fathers)
- Ryökäs - Voitila 2013 about the deacons as letter carrier
- Supervising doctoral student about diakonia in Apostolic Constitutions
- Forthcoming: an analysis about frequencies of deacon's activities by fathers
3 Early middle ages
- Athanasius of Alexandria
- Epiphanius of Salamis
- The Cappadocian Fathers
- John Chrysostom
- Saint Jerome / Hieronymus
- Augustine of Hippo
- Leo the Great
- Gregory the Great
3.3 Councils and Church Orders
- The Seven Ecumenical Councils
3.4 Analyses of frequency
3.5 The Buildings called Diaconia
- Barrett-Lennart, JECH 13, 2005, 137–164.
- Diaconia, diaconiae, diaconato (2010)
- "Diakonian tutkimus", 2/2011, 145–163. (about buildings)
4 Reformers (of 16 th c.) and Tridentium
- Many articles by Kari Latvus
- Supervising Master thesis about deacons by Luther
- "Diakonian tutkimus", 2/2011, 145–163. (about Luther and diaconia)
- "Diaconia", a presentation on IDZ/IDC/CID 22.10.2015 (Rome): Ryökäs 2015b
5 The Fathers of 19 th century
5.4 Local Teachers
- Supervising Doctoral thesis about deacons by Löhe (starting)
- About Fliedner: Diakonische Einblicke, DWI, 2011, 49–71.
6 The way of Reading the Old Texts
- local analyses
- Wendland Project, look at Dietzel 2013
- "Diakonian väärinymmärryksen lyhyt historia", 2009.
- About Paul Philippi in TRE: Ryökäs 2015.
- Forthcoming a book about books written in Finnish
Topics done and to do
This project is starting. Some activities have been done.
Some activities are coming:
We are now testing, if we can find material for a book about the two first centuries.
This project needs cooperation of many writers, because of its volume. Now it is important to collect information about "status quo": what do we know now. This means: what do we know after the introduction of the new paradigm by John N. Collins. This phase may take some years. After that we can start to analyze deeper that material, which has not been analyzed yet.
To start we need:
- find out those who have written / are writing about diakonia in the early church
- collect a book like Madigan-Osiek 2005 but about the deacons ("where something is written")
- collect a similar knowledge about the Parish Social Work in the Early Church
- find out what has already been written
- deal the research objects to several researchers, in co-operation
Results so far
It seems that many books and articles of 19 th and 20 th century want to see its specific (charitative) way of Deacon's service as the only possible (Collins, Dietzel, Ryökäs 2011 [about Fliedner]).
It seems to be easy to give a charitative undertanding to deacon's ministry, even on the highest level of scientific presentation of 1980's, against sources (Ryökäs 2015).
The deacons work as a humble service seems to be an invention of 1930's, not earlier (Ryökäs 2014a).
In 4 th Century and in Egypt had the deacons almost nothing to do with the sick persons (Barrett-Lennart)-
Top Aims Structure Topics Results Bibliography Presentations Add Comment
Barrett-Lennart, Ric (2005):The Canons of Hippolytus and Christian Concern with Illness, Health, and Healing. – Journal of Early Christian Studies, Volume 13, 137–164.
Collins, John N.
– (2001): Gunnel Borgegard, Olav Fanuelsen, Christine Hall (ed.), The Ministry of the Deacon, 2. Ecclesiological Explorations [Book review]. – International journal for the Study of the Christian Church. Volume 1, Issue 1 (2001), pp. 103 - 106.
– (2009): A German Catholic view of Diaconate and Diakonia. [Book review.] New Diaconal Review, (IDC-NEC) vol. 1 (2009) nr. 2 pp. 41–46. – http://www.idc-nec.org/NDRV1Issue02.pdf.
– (2012a): A Monocultural Usage: διακον- words in Classical, Hellenistic, and Patristic Sources. – Vigiliae Christianae 66 (2012), 287–309.
– (2012b): Theology of Ministry in the Twentieth Century: Ongoing Problems or New Orientations?’ – Ecclesiology 8.1, 11–32.
– (2014): Diakonia Studies. Critical Issues in Ministry. Oxford University Press.
Diaconia, diaconiae, diaconato (2010). Semantica e storia nei padri della chiesa. Studia Ephemeridis Augustinianum 117. Institutum Patristicum Augustinianum. Roma.
Diaconia in Christo. Über die Erneuerung des Diakonates. Hrsg.v. Karl Rahner u. Herbert Vorgrimler. Quaestiones Disputatae 15/16. Herder, 1962.
Dietzel, Stefan (2003): Zur Entstehung des Diakonats im Urchristentum. Eine Auseinandersetzung mit den Positionen von Wilhelm Brandt, Hermann Wolfgang Beyer und John N. Collins. – Diakonische Konturen, DWI, 2003, 136–170.
– (2013): Wendland Project: http://www.uni-goettingen.de/de/354866.html
Gooder, Paula (2006): Diakonia in the New Testament: A Dialogue with John N. Collins. – Ecclesiology 3.1, 33–56.
Hentschel, Anni (2006): Diakonia im Neuen Testament. Studien zur Semantik unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Rolle von Frauen. Mohr Siebeck.
– (2008): Gibt es einen sozial-karitativ ausgerichteten Diakonat in den frühchristlichen Gemeinden? – PTh 97, 290–306.
– (2011): Diakon/Diakonin, WiBiLex, http://www.bibelwissenschaft.de/startseite/.
– (2013): Gemeinde, Ämter, Dienste. Perspektiven zur neutestamentlichen Ekklesiologie. Neukirchener Theologie, Biblisch Theologische Studien, 136.
Janhonen, Hanne (2006): ”JA HÄN LÄHETTI PALVELIJOITAAN”. Sanan διάκονος merkitys UT:ssa ja muissa antiikin teksteissä. [The meaning of διάκονος in the NT and other ancient texts. Masters thesis] – Joepub.
Koet, Bart J. (2009): International conference on the sources of the diaconate. How it came about and how it turned out. A first report ... - New Diaconal Review, (IDC-NEC) vol. 2 (2009) nr. 3 pp. 29–32. – http://www.idc-nec.org/NDRV1Issue03.pdf.
Latvus, Kari (2010): Diaconal Ministry in the Light of the Reception and Re-Interpretation of Acts 6. – Diaconia, vol. 1 , pp. 82–102, ISSN 1869-3261.
Madigan, Kevin – Osiek, Carolyn (2005): Ordained Women in the Early Church. A documentary History. Edited and translated by Kevin Madigan and Carolyn Osiek. The Johns Hopkins University Press. Baltimore & London.
Reininger, Dorothea (1999): Diakonat der Frau in der Einen Kirche. Schwabenverlag.
Ryökäs, Esko (2009): "Diakonian väärinymmärryksen lyhyt historia" [A short history of misunderstanding of diakonia]. Anno Domini, 162–181.
– (2011): Zur Begründung der Diakonie bei Theodor Fliedner. Anmerkungen zum “Gutachten, die Diakonie und den Diakonat betreffend”. – Diakonische Einblicke. DWI-Jahrbuch, 49–71.
– (2012): Book review: Diaconia, diaconiae, diaconato (2010). – Diaconia. Journal for the Study of Christian Social Practice 3 1: 95–96.
– (2014a): Arbeiter oder Diener – über die Diakonie-Auffassungen des 20. Jahrhunderts. – Diakoniewissenschaft in Forschung und Lehre. DWI.Jahrbuch, 107–124.
– (2015): Diaconia – A Make-Believe Which Continues?. – Diaconia. Journal for the Study of Christian Social Practice, vol. 6, pp. 61–74.
– (2015b): "Diaconia" - a presentation on IDZ/IDC/CID 22.10.2015 (Rome): a version in YouTube.
Ryökäs, Esko - Voitila, Anssi (2013): "Varhaiset diakonit kirjeiden kuljettajina" [Early Deacons as Letter Carrier]. - Diakonian tutkimus 2 / 2013, 133–149..
Theology and Ministry 2 (2013), with many articles.
Click here to go to the page with a flash in English
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