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Topic 1: Bioenergy Development in China

Blas MOLA-YUDEGO, Xiaoqian XU


Bioenergy sources in China generally are from three aspects, agricultural sources, forestry sources and others. This lecture is to review bioenergy development in recent years, and detailed information is explained by using rural terms in Shaanxi province. Following aspects are to introduce: 1) Biomass resources, direct and indirect uses; 2) Prevalent bioenergy technologies; 3) National bioenergy projects and small projects at households level; 4) Bioenergy potential; 5) Bioenergy development dilemma.

Course materials


  • Liao C, Yan Y, Wu C, Huang H, Study on the distribution and quantity of biomass residues resource in China, Biomass and Bioenergy. 27 (2), 2004:111-117.
  • Qin Z, Zhuang Q, Cai X, He Y, Huang Y, Jiang D, Lin E, Liu Y, Tang Y, Wang MQ, Biomass and biofuels in China: Toward bioenergy resource potentials and their impacts on the environment, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 82(3), 2018: 2387-2400.
  • Ding W, Niu H, Chen J, Du J, Wu Y, Influence of household biogas digester use on household energy consumption in a semi-arid rural region of northwest China, Applied Energy. 97, 2012: 16-23.
  • "Shaanxi Mothers / Domestic biogas for cooking and lighting"  

Materials from previous lectures


Topic 2: Bioenergy Development in Sweden

Blas MOLA-YUDEGO, Xiaoqian XU


Establishing biomass plantation for energy use may provide many opportunities to ecosystem services. Willow plantation as one alternative of fast-growing plantation for energy use has been established in Sweden since last decades. Understanding how energy crop plantation works as well as the concept of “win-win” from different stakeholders will help achieve the goals in ecosystem services. In this topic, we will discuss: 1) basic information of biomass plantation system; 2) how to establish fast-growing plantation by using willow plantation as the example; 3) the advantages of using fast-growing plantation and the disadvantages of using fast-growing plantation.

Course materials




  • Blas Mola-Yudego, lalla Díaz-YáñezIoannis Dimitriou, How Much Yield Should We Expect from Fast-Growing Plantations for Energy? Divergences Between Experiments and Commercial Willow Plantations, BioEnergy Research, 8 (4), 2015, 1769-1777.
  • Peter Helby, Håkan Rosenqvist, Anders Roos, Retreat from Salix—Swedish experience with energy crops in the 1990s, Biomass and Bioenergy, 30 (5), 2006, 422-427.
  • Olalla Díaz-Yáñez, Blas Mola-Yudego, Perttu Anttila, Dominik Röser, Antti Asikainen, Forest chips for energy in Europe: Current procurement methods and potentials, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 21, 2013, 562-571
  • Mari Selkimäki, Blas Mola-Yudego, Dominik Röser, Robert Prinz, Lauri Sikanen, Present and future trends in pellet markets, raw materials, and supply logistics in Sweden and Finland, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 14 (9), 2010, 3068-3075.



What are direct and indirect energy uses for lignocellulosic biomass?

Which type/types of biomass is/are prevalent in your home country/region?

List at least five factors which related to biomass production and explain why. 

[These questions may help the students to focus and reflect on the topic contents. They do not require to be submitted as an assignment and are not to be evaluated.]



The main objectives of this session are:

  • To have an overview of bioenergy development in China and Sweden
  • To know the perspective from stakeholders in rural areas of China
  • To know the biomass plantation establishment in Sweden during recent 30 years


Watch the audio slides and check the tasks before the lecture day

The exercise for each topic is to help digest the key points of the lecture, do not need to submit. If you have any questions or doubts, you are welcome to contact me.

Lecture day 1: 27th November

Watch audio slides of topic 1, check the readings

Lecture day 2: 30th November

Watch audio slides of topic 2, check the readings


Location: Shaanxi, China   Photo: Xiaoqian XU


Location: Uppsala, Sweden   Photo: Xiaoqian XU