1. Helen Oy & Bioenergy (Jouni Tuukkanen Bio-erko)
2. Background information
2.1 Generic information about the conflict
Helen has begun planning the renovation of coal in 2015, when they have set the closure of the Hanasaari power plant in 2024. 400MW district heat capacity will be shut down from Hanasaari, which has already been replaced by 2018 by the 114MW Salmisaari pellet power plant and heat pumps. However, replacing coal in Helsinki is not entirely successful with bioenergy. Now Helen is planning three additional bioenergy power plants, more Patola, Tattarinsuo and Vuosaari. The Finnish Government has submitted to Parliament on 18 October 2019 a law to ban the use of coal from 1.5.2029. The government's proposal tightens Helen's planned schedule to give up coal.
2.2. Conflict type
When Helen moves from coal to wood burning, Helen's owner, the City of Helsinki, questioned the climate impact of wood burning. Carbon dioxide emissions are considered to be the most important, not where emissions are generated.
2.3. Resources involved
Any future coal ban law will change Helen's plans, there is no energy source completely replacing coal (heat pumps, geothermal energy, thermal batteries, heat recovery of buildings, solar energy, electric accumulators, etc.) Bioenergy (burning wood biomass) is Helen's only option to replace coal-based energy in this time scale. However, bioenergy will only be an intermediate stage when Helen moves to X-energy. X-energy is a combination of no-emission energy sources
3. Evaluation of the conflict
3.1. Main Issues and descriptions
Stretching decisions will put pressure on supply chains. By 2029, coal-fired power plants of 1250 MW should be replaced in Helsinki, which is approximately 3TWh of fuel per year. Obtaining the same bioenergy requires long-term preparation from the suppliers. Power plant investments do not happen instantly due to extensive licensing processes.
Figure 1, Helen's energy production, Helen Oy
3.2. Main stakeholders involved
Members of the City Council of Helsinki, Helen Oy, Environmental Organizations, Wood Supply Organizations
3.3. Analysis of the stakeholder values and interests
The City of Helsinki owns 100% of Helen and therefore uses corporate governance to make decisions. The biggest role is played by the City Council of Helsinki and the parties there. The board is pushing through the presentation that Helen should not produce energy by burning, but energy should be produced entirely carbon-neutral. Environmental organizations are trying to move directly to other forms of energy by ignoring the energy produced by burning.
3.4. Evaluation of the intensity of the conflict
The conflict gets visibility locally with regard to the location of new power plants and through the acquisition of fuel. Existing power plants are even featured globally as examples of coal-fired power plants.
Figure 2, Climate Discussion on Instagram Leonardo Di Caprio vs. Helen Oy
3.5. Evaluation of the possible causes of the conflict
Lack of human knowledge increases false perceptions and increases resistance. Deliberate anti-truth campaigns also increase people's opposition to Helen's transition to bioenergy.
3.6. Main elements that may preclude conflict resolution
So far, the solution is in the hands of municipal politicians. Recalculating sustainable forestharvesting potential and possibly limiting bioenergy availability can also effect.
3.7. Main elements that may encourage conflict escalation
The main reason for the increase in conflicts is the lack of information. In the Finnish bioenergy field, bioenergy plant use mainly by-products, either as forest by-products or as industrial by-products. In Finland, sustainable felling of forests will increase through the increase in the capacity of the chemical and mechanical forest industries, and thus the energy fractions generated as by-products volumes will also increase.
4. Keywords and conflict tags
Retrieved February 20, 2019 https://www.helen.fi/uutiset/2018/kivihiililaki/
Retrieved February 20, 2019 https://www.talouselama.fi/uutiset/helsinki-tarvitseekin-kolme-biovoimalaa-hanasaaren-hiilivoimalan-tilalle-luvassa-kohtuullista-rekkarallia/e0187cf3-9400-3cc1-a331-59adbae4947c
Retrieved February 20, 2019 https://www.talouselama.fi/uutiset/suomi-lopettaa-hiililailla-kivihiilen-kayton-mutta-kannattaako-hiili-helsingin-oikeasti-korvata-hiili-puulla/ef95b6a2-802c-3d37-aea3-51c1b86e1a41
Retrieved February 20, 2019 https://www.maaseuduntulevaisuus.fi/talous/artikkeli-1.345957
Retrieved February 20, 2019 https://yle.fi/uutiset/3-10152991
Retrieved February 20, 2019 https://www.helen.fi/yritys/vastuullisuus/vastuullisuusraportti/hiilineutraali-tulevaisuus/energiantuotanto/
Retrieved February 20, 2019 https://www.hel.fi/helsinki/fi/kaupunki-ja-hallinto/paatoksenteko/kaupunginvaltuusto/valtuustoryhmat/
Retrieved February 20, 2019 https://www.iltalehti.fi/kotimaa/a/947680ac-fdb0-4b33-9614-70565f64bd17