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Title: Increased carbon sequestration due to genetic diversity of viruses in North Karelia peatlands


Viruses play an important role in the soil ecosystems. Their ability to perform functions which influence carbon cycle in the soil is remarkable. One of the processes that is significantly affected by viruses in the soil is carbon sequestration. The present study analysed impact of genetic diversity of viruses on carbon sequestration in peatlands in North Karelia. Five restored peatland sites were chosen for the study. Carbon sequestrated in each of the sites was tracked from the year of 2014 until 2018. Seven samples for investigating genomes of viruses were taken from each of the peatland sites. Genetic analysis was done using biomarkers. As the viral DNA was hard to be recovered fully, parts of its genomes were obtained. Their assembled sequences enabled to divide acquired genomes into different viral communities. Observation in controlled environment investigated the role of viral communities and their ability to accelerate carbon sequestration. Detected viral communities had different performance in carbon sequestration and the interrelation among different communities improved the overall amount of carbon sequestrated. After complete analysis of soil samples and genetic discoveries of the viral communities it was shown that peatlands with higher genetic diversity of viruses had higher stock of carbon. This is explained by the ability of specific viral communities and their correlation with other genetically distant viral communities found in the peatlands, to increase effects of viral lysis and produce microbial necromass that is moved into nanopores by which such mass is unavailable to bacteria and other organisms. Thus, this implies that carbon will be stored and stabilized for a longer time in the soil. This study helps to recognize the attribute of viruses to optimize and increase carbon storage in soil. The discovery of the role of genetic diversity of viruses increases understanding of the ability of different viral communities to shift the processes in the soil. Moreover, as we are facing effects of climate change and continuous increase in carbon in the atmosphere the results obtained during this research will help in finding ways to increase carbon storage in the resources we have, such as soil. By recognizing the importance of viruses in soil and investigating into their ecological benefits we may find methods that can help in mitigating climate change.

Keywords: soil, viruses, carbon sequestration, peatlands, genetic diversity

Disclaimer: This writing is not based on real research.



  1. Dear Amina Derlic,

    May I be the first to complement the quality of your abstract and the subject matter in which you have embarked upon.

    I believe your title is now formulated in the best way possible and requires no further modification.

    Your abstract is also presented in a very understandable and well-structured manner which will hold the attention of an audience seeking more information on the subject. For a subject I know absolutely nothing about, I was able to understand your explanation of the study and also the discoveries that were uncovered. As this is a subject that has not been covered by much research, I personally think you have done a great job in explaining the role of viruses in immobilising carbon and preventing it from being re-released through the activity of bacteria and other organisms. I will definitely be looking further into the topic some time in the near future.

    To give one very trivial piece of feedback, It could be possible to combine the first two sentences into one but I'm sure you've probably tried this already and decided against it. It might just make the opening flow a bit more freely. "Viruses play an important role in soil ecosystems and their ability to perform important functions for mitigating climate change is outstanding."

    Other than that, I have nothing more to say than dobro uradeno and nastavi sa dobrim radon.

    Best wishes,



    1. Dear Tom, 

      Thank you very much for your comment. Yes, you are right, I tried to combine first two sentences together, but decided otherwise. 

      Wish you all the best, 


  2. Hello Amina,

    I am really glad to read your comprehensive abstract. I think it is well structured, however, it would be better if you write one more sentence about method of the study.

    Another thing need to concern that every first word of key words ought to capital letter.

    Best regards

    Kanta Chakraborty

    1. Hello Kanta, 

      Thank you very much for your comment. I considered your comment and added more bout methodology. 

      Best regards, 


  3. Hello Amina,

    First, I want to thank you for bringing out this interesting topic. This is very unique and catchy topic. You have done a great job with title and abstract writing. Your abstract is well-formatted and succinct. It is written clearly and in language that is easily understandable by everyone. You did a great job with this abstract. However, I have a few suggestions regarding your abstract.

    The introduction has started well and to the point. But what I find was your third and fourth sentence starts with same/similar words. That might be monotonous to a few readers. You can rewrite the sentence "This study has been conducted in order to show how genetic diversity of viral communities affects carbon sequestration." as there is an increasing need to find whether genetic diversity of viral communities affects carbon sequestration. This will help you to show the research gap in your study from my point of view. 

    Moving on to the next sentence you have stated the result of your finding directly after the research gap. And then only you have introduced the methodologies indicating how you have conducted the research. I would suggest you keep your methodologies portion in front of what you have found through your research. I think that will help you maintain the flow of your writing and also it will be seen according to the timeline of your research.  

    Moving to the methodology part, I could not find sufficient information about the study area. Also, it would be better if you included the number of samples you have taken from each peatland location.

    I must admit that I am completely unaware of the necromass and entombing effect. And lastly, I would like to suggest you replace the word "will" with "can be" or sth a bit less certain words.

    Other than this, the abstract looks very fine to me. A well-constructed one as per the format.

    All the best for your future works.

    Have a nice time ahead.

    Warm regards,



    1. Hello Simant, 

      Thank you for your comment. 

      I considered what you said and adjusted my abstract accordingly. Sentence you are referring to as a conclusion was supposed to be explanation of what will be studied, however I adjusted it to be more concise. As per methodology part, I added suggested. I decided to take out "entombing effect" as it would need explanation, but for necromass I left it there, as soil scientists would understand what it is. 

      Wish you all the best with you work, 

      Kind regards,